SCULPTORS

TOMA ROSANDIC

 

Toma Rosandic (January 22, 1878 - March 1, 1958)

Igrali se konji vrani
BLACK HORSES
ARE PLAYING
Belgrade, 1935.


Rosandic was born in Split on the Dalmatian coast, the son of a stoneworker. During the early years in Split, Rosandic learnt to carve in wood as well as stone and was much inspired by the younger Meštrovic who had moved there from Otavice. Both sculptors studied overseas before returning to Split, Rosandic touring Italy and exhibiting in Milan in 1906 and Belgrade in 1912.

Something of their parallel development and underlying rivalry can be understood from their respective projects to combine sculpture and architecture. Both constructed a mausoleum, Rosandic for the Petrinovic family ( on the island of Brač ) and Meštrovic to the Račic family (Cavtat, ). Each exhibits the influence of Dalmatian history, but while Meštrovic's mausoleum is based on the principle of simplicity, Rosandic richly ornamented his building with a blend of Gothic and Renaissance motifs.

Umorni ratnik
TIRED WARRIOR
Belgrade

 

 

 

 

 

 

With the outbreak of World War I, Rosandic left for London where he exhibited at the Grafton Galleries in 1917 and later in Brighton and Edinburgh. After World War II, Rosandic settled in Belgrade.

He founded a prominent school in Belgrade known as the "Master Workshop". Amongst the many artists and public personalities that frequented the workshop was Henry Moore, during his exhibition in Belgrade in March 1955.

In his maturity, Rosandic executed two of his greatest masterpieces: the pair of stone statues of a man struggling with a horse, which flank the entrance to the Federal Parliament building in Belgrade , and a massive stone frieze of figures for a monument in Subotica, Vojvodina, Serbia (1952). Many of his bronze projects at this time were cast in the Voždovac foundry and other works by his hand can be found at the Toma Rosandic Memorial Museum and the Museum of Contemporary Art, Belgrade.

He returned to his beloved Split before his death in 1959.